2023 Fair Market Valuations (FMVs) on Assets in Your IRA and Solo 401(k)

It’s that time of year again. Fair market valuations (FMVs) are required by the IRS for the assets in your retirement plan, as they are every year. These valuations must be assessed by the end of the income tax reporting year. You may be allowed to perform certain valuations yourself, but it is encouraged that a qualified, independent third-party provide the valuation. So, don’t wait until the last minute—now is the time to start making moves to get it done.

The Basics of 2023 Fair Market Valuations

  • Separate valuations must be made on each asset in your retirement plan.A hand dropping coins into a jar on a table next to stacks of coins representing fair market valuations on assets in your retirement plans.
  • Values are assigned as of December 31st of the reporting year.
  • The value of your asset(s) is determined based on the fair market value (not the cost) of the asset at the time of the assessment.
  • It is encouraged that an independent, neutral, qualified third-party complete the valuation. This person must not be considered a disqualified person relevant to your retirement plan.
  • You are not required to pay for a valuation. However, if payment is necessary, it must be paid by the retirement account and not by you personally.

FMVs are reported on IRS Form 5498 and must include the following information:

  • Recharacterization amounts (incurred in the transfer of any part of the contribution, including earnings, from one IRA to another)
  • Conversions (to a Roth IRA from a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA)
  • Rollovers to a traditional or Roth IRA, including qualified rollover contributions to a Roth account
  • Contributions to your account (certain eligibility requirements apply depending on the type of your account, employee vs. employer contributions, contribution deadlines for your account, etc.)
  • Required minimum distributions are stated for the upcoming year (if you are eligible)
  • Advanta IRA uses Form 5498 to report your 2023 fair market valuations to the IRS

2023 Fair Market Valuations for Advanta IRA Clients

Here’s how our reporting process works for you:

Based on our custodial agreement, as the account holder you are required to provide a 2023 fair market value for each asset owned by your IRA. This is an annual requirement and is based on the value of each asset as of 12/31 of the reporting year.

You must submit our FMV form to us by March 15, 2024. You must also include any supporting documents (property appraisals, balance sheets, etc.). Each FMV must be signed by you and the person/entity who performed the appraisal.

Advanta IRA is required to report this information on your behalf to the IRS each year your account is actively open with us. We provide you with a Form 5498 for your records.

Please note: Clients of Advanta IRA receive this form from us, but if you had accounts with another retirement plan custodian for part of the tax-reporting year (before you became our client) you should receive a form from your previous plan administrator, as well. As the account owner, you are responsible for ensuring all information on the form(s) is current and correct.

Please contact Advanta IRA if you have any questions regarding FMVs, IRS rules governing these reports, and our role in the process. We cannot assist in determining the value of our clients’ assets, but we can answer questions and explain the process and requirements to you. Feel free to contact your account manager at 800-425-0653 or email us at: [email protected].


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This article was initially published on October 19, 2022, and has been updated for accuracy.

About Scott Maurer

Scott Maurer, Vice President of Sales for Advanta IRA, is a recognized expert in the field of self-directed IRAs. With a law degree from the University of Florida and as a designated Certified IRA Services Professional (CISP), Scott’s keen understanding of rules and regulations fuels his passion to educate others on the power of investing in alternative assets using self-directed IRAs. Scott is a frequent guest on retirement and investing webinars and podcasts, and he has shown thousands of individuals how to achieve financial freedom by teaching them how to use their retirement funds to invest in private placements, real estate, private lending, and more. Throughout his two decades in the industry, he has watched numerous unique investments unfold, giving him great perspective of what is possible when people take control of their retirement funds and investing decisions.